Thursday, November 10, 2016

Trying to lose weight? Potatoes are not your enemy; here are 6 reasons why you should eat them

How many times have you heard people saying that if you are on diet you should avoid potatoes? Time and again there have been cries to ditch the carbs and the poor potatoes have been shunned almost as badly as bread! However, as surprising as it may sound, potatoes are and can be very beneficial to your health, if only you know the right way to have them and as long as your overall calorie count doesn’t go up. This does not mean you can immediately tear open that packet of chips – no, that still has to stay well away from your reach. We’re talking about the vegetable in it’s non-oily, non-greasy form.The potato isn’t inherently bad and it shouldn’t be treated as such. However, when potatoes are smothered in cheese, mashed with mayo and doused in sour cream or deep-fried, it loses its good properties. In case you’re still wondering what these positives are, here we list out six reasons why you should include a healthier preparation of potatoes in your diet:
1. Good for people with high blood pressure: While cooking, it’s common to peel off the potato skin and throw it away. But that’s where we go wrong. Not many know of that the potato skin is very beneficial to people suffering from high blood pressure. The skin is loaded with potassium and plays a crucial role in lowering BP. One large spud baked with the skin on, contains at least 1,600mg of potassium, nearly half the recommended amount for an entire day and almost four times as much as a medium banana.
2. Good source of vitamin C: Think of vitamin C, think of potatoes. Really! Do you know that one medium-sized potato has 45 per cent of your daily requirement of vitamin C? Not only is vitamin C essential for boosting your immunity system, studies also show that having adequate amounts of vitamin C can keep stress levels at bay by stopping the secretion of stress hormones.
3. Aids in weight loss: Yes, you read that right. While trying to lose weight, potatoes should be one of your main foods. Because of the fibre content in its skin, not only potatoes help in keeping your heart healthy and improves digestion. Also, if eaten the right way, it helps in losing weight. To get more health benefits from the skin, try topping it with broccoli and salsa.
4. Potatoes are fat-free, sodium-free and low in sugar: Contrary to popular belief, potatoes are low in sugar and sodium, and do NOT contain any fat – a medium-sized one, that is! Also, one medium-sized potato contains about 1g of sugar. But if you fry that innocent potato and top them with loads of unhealthy fat and salt, it surely is bad diet food.
5. Loaded in manganese: You might be less familiar with this nutrient but that doesn’t mean you don’t need it. Manganese plays an essential role in processing protein, carbs and cholesterol and may also be involved in bone formation. One large potato with its skin contains 33 per cent of your recommended daily amount of manganese.
6. Rich in vitamin B6: This vitamin does much of its work “behind the scenes”, and aids in producing essential brain hormones. With 46 per cent of your daily recommended B6, a potato, with the skin on, is a good place to start.

Monday, November 7, 2016

NASA satellites break Guinness World Record

Just over a month after it achieved the closest separation ever of any multispacecraft formation, NASA’s Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission has broken a new record. The mission now holds the Guinness World Record for the highest altitude fix of a GPS signal.
The four MMS spacecraft, which are currently locked in a highly elliptical orbit around Earth to study the planet’s magnetosphere, set the record at an altitude of 43,500 miles, NASA said in a statement released Thursday.
“The four MMS spacecraft incorporate GPS measurements into their precise tracking systems, which require extremely sensitive position and orbit calculations to guide tight flying formations,” the space agency said, adding that precise GPS tracking allows the satellites to maintain a tight formation needed for high resolution three-dimensional observations.The MMS mission began with the launch of four identical satellites on March 12, 2015. The primary goal of the mission is to investigate a scarcely understood phenomenon called magnetic reconnection, which can link the sun’s magnetic field lines to Earth’s, funneling material and energy from the sun into Earth’s magnetic environment.Scientists believe magnetic reconnection is one of the key ways material is energized in space, and it plays a crucial role in the creation of auroras on Earth, flares on the surface of the sun, and even in processes taking place in the vicinity of black holes and neutron stars.
In September, the four MMS spacecraft began flying at a distance of just four-and-a-half miles apart — the closest separation ever achieved in any multispacecraft mission.“The four MMS spacecraft fly in a pyramid shape, with one satellite marking each corner. This shape, called a tetrahedron, allows MMS to capture three-dimensional observations of magnetic reconnection – critical for fully understanding this process,” NASA said in a statement released at the time.
WASHINGTON: NASA's Magnetospheric Multiscale mission (MMS) has set the Guinness World Record for highest altitude fix of a GPS signal - at 70,000 kilometres above the surface of the Earth.Operating in a highly elliptical orbit around Earth, the four MMS spacecraft incorporate Global Positioning System (GPS) measurements into their precise tracking systems, which require extremely sensitive position and orbit calculations to guide tight flying formations. Earlier this year, MMS achieved the closest flying separation of a multi-spacecraft formation with only 7.2 km between the four satellites.When the satellites are closest to Earth, they move at up to 35,405 km per hour, making them the fastest known operational use of a GPS receiver. When MMS is not breaking records, it conducts ground-breaking science. Still in the first year of its prime mission, MMS is giving scientists new insight into Earth's magnetosphere.The mission uses four individual satellites that fly in a pyramid formation to map magnetic reconnection – a process that occurs as the sun and Earth's magnetic fields interact. Precise GPS tracking allows the satellites to maintain a tight formation and obtain high resolution three-dimensional observations.Understanding the causes of magnetic reconnection is important for understanding phenomena around the universe from auroras on Earth, to flares on the surface of the sun, and even to areas surrounding black holes. Next year, MMS will enter Phase 2 of the mission and the satellites will be sent in to an even larger orbit where they will explore a different part of Earth's magnetosphere. During that time, the satellites are anticipated to break their current high altitude GPS record by a factor of two or more.

China to Implement Controversial Cybersecurity Law

China has taken another step toward implementing a controversial cybersecurity law that could have significant implications for foreign businesses operating in that lucrative market.
The draft law would require companies to “comply with social and business ethics” and “accept supervision by both government and the public,” according to the state news agency Xinhua.
It would also stipulate that Chinese citizens' personal information and other data collected in China must be housed in the country.
A new provision would also order Beijing to “monitor and deal with threats from abroad to protect the information infrastructure from attack, intrusion, disturbance or damage.”
The draft was presented to the standing committee of the National People's Congress for its second reading on Monday, but it is not clear when it will be passed.
Beijing has long argued that its increasingly stringent cybersecurity laws are necessary to protect the country from cyberattacks, while foreign businesses complain that they are protectionism meant to lock out foreign competitors.
One national security law, adopted last July, requires all technologies — including those belonging to foreign firms — to be “secure and controllable.”
The steadily increasing rules are part of a long-standing effort to restrict the flow of digital information at home, and diminish reliance on foreign technology.
China is set to implement a controversial cybersecurity law, a measure which is said to counter the growing threats of hacking and terrorism by strengthening internet surveillance and censorship in the country.
The National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee, China's top legislative body, held a third and final reading of the said cybersecurity law on October 31. The law is expected to be passed by the end of the October 31 to November 7 sessions and set to be effective by June 2017. While a parliament official stressed China's objective need to become a major internet power, many overseas critics argue about its potential threat to shut down foreign technology companies out of numerous sectors.
The government of China has been known to control online speech very tightly. But censorship has reached new heights ever since President Xi Jinping stepped into office in March 2013. China Director Sophie Richardson said that the country's internet has faced very strict restrictions, and what it needs is freedom. But authorities have pressed on to pass the law without even reviewing it for any significant modifications. The Human Rights Watch reported that the abusive aspects included in the original draft remain unchanged.
Richardson added that the passage of the cybersecurity law would mean that netizens in China, along with many multinational corporations, are at risk of poor protection against serious charges.
Yang Heqing, one of the officials of NPC's standing committee, explained to Reuters why the law was important during the close of a bimonthly legislative meeting. According to him, "China is an internet power, and as one of the countries that faces the greatest internet security risks, urgently needs to establish and perfect network security legal systems," thus such protection was necessary.

Thursday, November 3, 2016

Why tomatoes lose flavour in fridge ?

They've found tomatoes lose flavour in the fridge because some of their genes chill out. Cooling tomatoes below 12 degrees Celsius stops them from making some of the substances that contribute to their taste, according to researchers who dug into the genetic roots of the problem.

Cooling tomatoes below 54 degrees stops them from making some of the substances that contribute to their taste, according to researchers who dug into the genetic roots of the problem.
That robs the fruit of flavor, whether it happens in a home refrigerator or in cold storage before the produce reaches the grocery shelf, they said.
With the new detailed knowledge of how that happens, maybe we can breed tomatoes to change that, said researcher Denise Tie man of the University of Florida in Gainesville.
She and colleagues there, in China and at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, report their findings in a paper published Monday by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
They showed that after seven days of storage at 39 degrees, tomatoes lost some of their supply of substances that produce their characteristic aroma, which is a key part of their flavor. Three days of sitting at room temperature didn't remedy that, and a taste test by 76 people confirmed the chilled tomatoes weren't as good as fresh fruit.
Tomatoes stored for just one or three days didn't lose their aroma substances.
Further research showed that the prolonged chilling reduced the activity of certain genes that make those compounds, Tie man said.
Her lab is already looking into the possibility of breeding tomatoes that don't lose flavor in the cold, she said.
In the meantime, Just leave them out on the counter, or leave them in a shaded area, something like that, said Bencher, whose farm is in Gloucester County. A tomato has a decent shelf life.

India Is Capable of Developing a 10,000-Kilometer Range ICBM

When it comes to long-range missiles, India is setting its sights far beyond its recently tested Agni V intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM).
On Sunday, S.K. Salwan, the chairman of the Armament Research Board at India’s Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO), confirmed a subject of long-term speculation — that India is capable of developing an ICBM capable of striking targets beyond the 10,000 km range.
The Agni V, India’s has a range of 5,000 km which allows it cover the entirety of Asia, parts of North Africa, Eastern Europe, and Russia.
It is currently India’s longest range ICBM that has been successfully tested and is capable of delivering a 1,000 kg payload.
“India has successfully test fired nuclear capable Agni V missile recently which has a range of 5,000 kms. But we are capable of developing ICBM that can hit targets beyond the range of 10,000 kilometers,” Salwan told a conference in Vadodara, Gujarat.
Salwan was referring to the Agni V’s successor, the Agni VI, code-named Surya. According to, the Indian government has been hesitant to discuss its plans for a long-range ICBM — the first time plans for an ICBM over the 5,000 km range were acknowledged was in a May 2011 DRDO newsletter.
Although much about the Agni VI remains unconfirmed and in the realm of speculation, it is widely expected to be a four-stage ICBM with multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles (MIRV) and a maneuverable reentry vehicle (MaRV) capability.
Many of specifics of the Agni VI, including its range, remain classified. Back in 2013, one DRDO official explicitly told the Business Standard‘s Ajai Shukla that the “extended range” of the Agni VI was a “secret.”
A range of 10,000 km would mean that the Agni VI would be capable of striking the entirety of Europe, Asia, Africa, and Oceania. Additionally, Alaska and Northern Canada would fall under the missile’s range, but the continental United States and all of South America would remain outside the missile’s range.
sorce :

India conducts secret test of submarine-launched K-4 nuclear-capable missile

Nuclear-capable ballistic missile K-4 was test-fired from nuclear submarine Arihant, both of which have been ingeniously developed.
In a major step towards completing India’s nuclear triad, nuclear-capable ballistic missile K-4 was test-fired from nuclear submarine Arihant, both of which have been ingeniously developed, officials said on April 13, 2016. Former Indian Navy chief Admiral Arun Prakash (retd) called it a “major step”, but said Arihant needs to be armed with a missile of inter-continental range, which is a missile with above 5,000 km range. The K-4 has a range of 3,500 km.
The test was conducted secretly last month and kept under wraps with the Defense Research and Development Organization refusing to comment on it officially. Admiral Arun Prakash called it a major step towards completing the nuclear triad. “It is a major step towards attaining inter-continental range deterrence to make full use of Arihant,” he told IANS. “We need a missile of about 5,500 km range, then it will enable the submarine to be anywhere in the Indian Ocean and still be a threat to the targets,” he said. “This is major step but not he ultimate target,” the former navy chief said. Sources told IANS that the test was conducted on March 31 from Arihant in the Bay of Bengal, and it was successful.
The DRDO was, however, tight-lipped over the test. The K-4 is part of the K-family of missiles, a series of submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBM), named after former president and scientist A.P.J. Abdul Kalam. The missile can carry a warhead weighing up to 2 tonnes and is powered by solid rocket propellant. The missile was developed specifically for Arihant, as the nuclear capable Agni-III could not be compacted to fit in the submarine. Arihant has a 17 metre diameter hull. K-4, along with the smaller K-15 Sagarika, another ingeniously developed nuclear capable missile, will arm Arihant, the submarine, which will complete India’s nuclear triad. Arihant has four vertical launch tubes, which can carry 12 K-15 missiles or four larger K-4 missiles.

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Indo-Russian BrahMos 2 to be ready for flight testing by 2017

The first prototype of the hypersonic BrahMos 2 cruise missile being jointly developed by Russia and India will be ready for flight testing in 2017, an official said.
Russia and India have recently agreed to develop hypersonic BrahMos 2 missile capable of flying at speeds of Mach 5-Mach 7.
"I think we will need about five years to develop the first fully-functional prototype (of the hypersonic missile). We have already carried out a series of lab tests at the speed of 6.5 Mach," said Sivathanu Pillai, chief executive officer of the Russian-Indian joint venture Brahmos Aerospace.
Pillai said the new missile will be made in three variants: ground launched, airborne and sea launched.
He said the new missiles will be supplied only to India and Russia, without exports to third countries.
Established in 1998, BrahMos Aerospace Ltd, a Russian-Indian joint venture, currently manufactures BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles based on the Russian-designed NPO Mashinostroyenie 3M55 Yakhont (SS-N-26).
The BrahMos missile has a range of 290 km and can carry a conventional warhead of up to 300 kg. It can effectively engage targets from an altitude as low as 10 metres and has a top speed of Mach 2.8, which is about three times faster than the US-made subsonic Tomahawk cruise missile.
Sea and ground-launched versions have been successfully tested and put into service with the Indian Army and Navy.
The flight tests of the airborne version will be completed by the end of 2012.

The Indian Air Force is planning to arm 40 Su-30MKI Flanker-H fighters with BrahMos missiles.
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Two more regiments of the BrahMos supersonic cruise missile jointly developed by Russia and India will be inducted into the Indian Army within approximately two weeks, Indian Defense Minister Manohar Parrikar said.

NEW DELHI (Sputnik) – The country’s army already possesses three regiments of the Block III version of BrahMos missiles. The induction of new missile regiments is expected to boost India's air defense capabilities. "The process of induction of two more regiments [of BrahMos missile] in the Indian Army is in the final stage and within 15 days, these regiments will be inducted in Indian Army," Parrikar was quoted as saying by the Press Trust of India news agency on Thursday. Sukhoi T-50 PAK FA Prototype © Flickr/ Mario Sainz Martínez Russian-Indian PAK FA May Be Armed With BrahMos Cruise Missiles BrahMos, a word combining Brahmaputra and Moskva, is a short-range supersonic missile, which has been in manufactured by the Indian Navy since 2005. The missile has a range of 180 miles and can carry a conventional warhead of up to 660 pounds. On Monday, head of the Russian-Indian BrahMos Aerospace enterprise, Sudhir Mishra, announced that a BrahMos cruise missile may be installed on a Fifth-Generation Fighter Aircraft (FGFA) being jointly developed by Moscow and New Delhi.

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