Tuesday, July 30, 2013

10 best airports in the world

Here's the top 10 list

1. Singapore Changi Airport

images Singapore Changi Airport, Changi International Airport, or simply Changi Airport, is the main airport in Singapore. A major aviation hub in Southeast Asia, it is about 17.2 km (10.7 mi) north-east from the commercial centre in Changi, on a 13 square kilometres (3,200 acres) site.
The airport, operated by the Changi Airport Group, is the home base of Singapore Airlines, Singapore Airlines Cargo, SilkAir, Scoot, Tiger Airways, Jetstar Asia Airways, and Valuair. As of May 2013, Changi Airport serves more than 100 airlines operating 6,400 weekly flights connecting Singapore to over 250 cities in about 60 countries and territories worldwide. Until 30 March 2013, the airport served as a secondary hub for Qantas, which used Singapore as the main stopover point for flights on the Kangaroo Route between Australia and Europe. Qantas is the largest foreign airline to operate from the airport, with over two million passengers annually. An important contributor to the economy of Singapore, more than 28,000 people are employed at the airport, which accounts for over S$4.5 billion in output.
Changi Airport has three passenger terminals with a total annual handling capacity of 66 million passengers. Terminal 1 opened in 1981, followed by Terminal 2 in 1990 and Terminal 3 in 2008. The Budget Terminal, opened on 26 March 2006 and closed on 25 September 2012, will make way for Terminal 4 which will be ready by 2017.
In 2012, the airport handled 51.2 million passengers, a 10% increase over the previous year. This made it the seventh busiest airport by international passenger traffic in the world[9] and the second busiest in Asia by international passenger traffic in 2012. The airport registered 4.92 million passenger movements in December 2012, a growth of 8.6% year-on-year. Changi’s daily record was broken on 22 December 2012, the Saturday before Christmas Day, with 180,400 passengers passing through the 24 hours. In addition to being an important passenger hub, the airport is one of the busiest cargo airports in the world, handling 1.81 million tonnes of cargo in 2012. The total number of commercial aircraft movements was 324,722 in 2012.
The airport has won over 430 awards since 1981, including 30 'Best' awards in 2012. Changi Airport's efforts to counter the onset of age include periodic physical upgrades to its existing terminals and building new facilities.

visit for mor diteil : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Singapore_Changi_Airport

2. Incheon International Airport

images (2) Incheon International Airport is the largest airport in South Korea, the primary airport serving the Seoul National Capital Area, and one of the largest and busiest airports in the world. For seven years in a row (2005–2012), it was rated the best airport worldwide by Airports Council International.[2][3] The airport has a golf course, spa, private sleeping rooms, ice skating rink, a casino, indoor gardens and a Museum of Korean Culture. Airport authorities claim that average departure and arrival takes only 19 (60 minutes world-wide industry average) and 12 minutes (45 minutes) respectively, significantly lower than the rest of the world, making it one of the fastest airports in the world for customs processing. Its duty-free shopping mall has been rated the world's best for three years in a row in 2012 by Business Traveler. Incheon International Airport also claims that it has only a 0.0001% baggage mishandling rate.
Located 48 km (30 mi) west of Seoul, the capital and largest city of South Korea, Incheon International Airport is the main hub for Korean Air, Asiana Airlines, Jeju Air and Polar Air Cargo. The airport serves as a hub for international civilian air transportation and cargo traffic in East Asia. Incheon International Airport is also currently Asia's eighth busiest airport in terms of passengers, the world's fourth busiest airport by cargo traffic, and the world's eighth busiest airport in terms of international passengers in 2010. In 2011, 35,062,376 passengers used the airport.
The airport opened for business in early 2001, replacing the older Gimpo

visit for mor diteil : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Incheon_International_Airport

3. Amsterdam Schiphol Airport

100831_schiphol_airport_amsterdam Amsterdam Airport Schiphol  is the Netherlands' main international airport, located 20 minutes (4.9 NM (9.1 km; 5.6 mi) southwest of Amsterdam, in the municipality of Haarlemmermeer. The airport's official English name, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, reflects the original Dutch word order (Luchthaven Schiphol). The airport used to have the IATA code of SPL, which has fallen into disuse and has been replaced by AMS.
The airport is the primary hub for KLM as well as for Arkefly, Corendon Dutch Airlines, Martinair and Transavia. The airport also serves as a European hub for Delta Air Lines and as a base for Vueling. Schiphol is considered to be an airport city. The airport occupies an area of 13 square kilometres (3,200 acres).

visit fir mor diteil : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amsterdam_Airport_Schiphol

4. Hong Kong International Airport

Hong-Kong-International-Airport Hong Kong International Airport is the main airport in Hong Kong. It is located on the island of Chek Lap Kok, which is largely reclaimed for the construction of the airport itself. The airport is also colloquially known as Chek Lap Kok Airport to distinguish it from its predecessor, the closed Kai Tak Airport.
The airport has been commercially operational since 1998, replacing the former Kai Tak Airport, and is an important regional trans-shipment centre, passenger hub and gateway for destinations in Mainland China (with over 40 destinations) and the rest of Asia. The airport is currently the world's busiest cargo gateway and one of the world's busiest passenger airports.
The Hong Kong International Airport is also home to one of the world's largest passenger terminal buildings (the largest when opened in 1998). It is operated by the Airport Authority Hong Kong, 24 hours a day, and is the primary hub for Cathay Pacific, Dragonair, Hong Kong Airlines, Hong Kong Express Airways and Air Hong Kong (cargo). The airport is one of the hubs of Oneworld alliance, and it is also one of the hubs of Asian-Pacific cargo hubs for UPS Airlines.[1] It is a focus city for many airlines, including China Airlines and China Eastern Airlines, which serves 18 flights to Hong Kong per day (one direction) from 15 cities. Virgin Atlantic, United and Air India use Hong Kong as a stopover point for flights respectively from London to Sydney, from Tokyo to Singapore and Ho Chi Minh City as well as from India to Osaka and Seoul.
HKIA is an important contributor to Hong Kong's economy, with approximately 60,000 employees. About 90 airlines operate flights from the airport to over 150 cities across the globe. In 2012 HKIA handled 56,057,751 passengers, making it the 12th busiest airport worldwide by passenger traffic. It also surpassed Memphis International Airport to become the world's busiest airport by cargo

visit fir mor diteil :http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hong_Kong_International_Airport 

5. Beijing Capital International Airport

beijing-airport Beijing Capital International Airport is the main international airport serving Beijing. It is located 32 km northeast of Beijing's city center,[citation needed] in an enclave of Chaoyang District and the surroundings of that enclave in suburban Shunyi District. The airport is owned and operated by the Beijing Capital International Airport Company Limited, a state-controlled company. The airport's IATA Airport Code, PEK, is based on the city's former romanized name, Peking.
Beijing Capital has rapidly ascended in rankings of the world's busiest airports in the past decade. It had become the busiest airport in Asia in terms of passenger traffic and total traffic movements by 2009. As of 2012, Beijing Capital International Airport is the second busiest airport in the world in terms of passenger throughput behind Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport. The airport registered 557,167 aircraft movements (take-offs and landings), which ranked 6th in the world in 2012.[2] In terms of cargo traffic, Beijing airport has also witnessed rapid growth. By 2012, the airport had become the 13th busiest airport in the world by cargo traffic, registering 1,787,027 tonnes.
Beijing Capital International Airport is the main hub for Air China, the flag carrier of the People's Republic of China, which flies to around 120 destinations (excluding cargo) from Beijing. Hainan and China Southern Airlines also use the airport as their hub.
To accommodate the growing traffic volume, Beijing Capital added the enormous Terminal 3 in 2008 in time for the Olympic Games, the second largest airport terminal in the world after Dubai International Airport's Terminal 3, and the fifth largest building in the world by area.

visit for mor diteil : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beijing_Capital_International_Airport

6. Munich Airport

images (3) Munich Airport is an international airport located 28.5 km (17.7 mi) northeast of Munich, Germany, and is a hub for Lufthansa and Star Alliance partner airlines. It is located near the old city of Freising and is named in memory of the former Bavarian Prime minister Franz Josef Strauss. The airport is located on the territory of four different municipalities: Oberding (location of the terminals; district of Erding), Hallbergmoos, Freising and Marzling (district of Freising).
Between 1995 and 2006, passenger numbers doubled from under 15 million per annum to over 30 million, despite the impact of the 11 September attacks in 2001 and 2002. In 1996, the airport overtook Düsseldorf as Germany’s second busiest airport and currently handles almost twice as many passengers as the country’s third busiest airport. However (once the new airport opens), Berlin is expected to catch up in terms of passenger numbers. Munich Airport serves as Lufthansa’s second hub in Germany besides Frankfurt.
Munich Airport is the second busiest airport in Germany in terms of passenger traffic behind Frankfurt Airport, and the seventh busiest airport in Europe, handling 38,360,604 passengers in 2012. It is the world's 12th busiest airport in terms of international passenger traffic, and was the 27th busiest airport in the world in 2011.

visit for mor diteil : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Munich_Airport

7. Zurich Airport

zurich-airport-near-to-st-anton Zurich Airport also known as Kloten Airport, is Switzerland's largest international airport, and the principal hub of Swiss International Air Lines. It serves Zurich, Switzerland's largest city, and, with its surface transport links, much of the rest of the country.
The airport is owned by Flughafen Zürich AG, a company quoted on the SIX Swiss Exchange. Major shareholders include the canton of Zurich, with 33.33% of the shares, and the city of Zurich, with 5% of the shares. No other shareholder has a holding exceeding 5% Skyguide is responsible for all Air Traffic Control for Zurich.
The airport is 13 kilometres (8 mi) north of downtown Zurich, in the municipalities of Kloten, Rümlang, Oberglatt, Winkel and Opfikon, all of which are within the canton of Zurich

visit for mor diteil : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zurich_Airport

8. Vancouver International Airport

1-vancouver-airport Vancouver International Airport is located on Sea Island in Richmond, British Columbia, Canada, about 12 km (7.5 mi) from Downtown Vancouver. In 2011 it was the second busiest airport in Canada by aircraft movements (296,942) and passengers (17.0 million), behind Toronto Pearson International Airport, with non-stop flights daily to Asia, Europe, Oceania, the United States, and Mexico, and other airports within Canada. The airport has won several notable international best airport awards; it won the Skytrax Best North American Airport award in 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013 the second, third, fourth and fifth time respectively it has received the honour (the first was in 2007). It is the only North American Airport included in the top 10 for 2013. YVR also retains the distinction of Best Canadian Airport in the regional results. It is a hub for Air Canada, Air Canada Express and Air Transat as well as a focus city for WestJet. Vancouver International Airport is one of eight Canadian airports that have US Border Preclearance facilities. Vancouver International Airport (YVR) has been named, "The Best Airport in North America". The airport also made the list of top 10 airports in the world, rated at 9th overall, for the first time in 2012. In 2013 it is rated 8th overall worldwide. It is also one of the few big international airports to have a terminal for scheduled floatplanes.
Vancouver International Airport is owned by Transport Canada and is managed by Vancouver Airport Authority, which also manages other airports around the world through its Vancouver Airport Services subsidiary.

visit for mor diteils : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vancouver_International_Airport

9. Tokyo International Airport (Haneda)

images (4) Tokyo International Airport, commonly known as Haneda Airport Tokyo Haneda Airport, is one of the two primary airports that serve the Greater Tokyo Area in Japan. It is located in Ōta, Tokyo, 14 km (8.7 mi) south of Tokyo Station.
Haneda handles almost all domestic flights to and from Tokyo, while Narita International Airport handles the vast majority of international flights. In 2010, a dedicated international terminal was opened at Haneda in conjunction with the completion of a fourth runway. This allowed for a dramatic increase in international flights going to Haneda, which previously had only "scheduled charter" flights to Seoul, Shanghai, Hong Kong and Taipei. The Japanese government plans to further expand Haneda's international role in the future.
Haneda handled 66,795,178 passengers in 2012. By passenger throughput, it was the second busiest airport in Asia and the fourth busiest in the world, after Atlanta's Hartsfield-Jackson Airport, Beijing Capital Airport (Asia's busiest) and London Heathrow Airport. With Haneda and Narita combined Tokyo has the third busiest city airport system in the world, after London and New York City.
Haneda is the primary base of Japan's two major domestic airlines, Japan Airlines (Terminal 1) and All Nippon Airways (Terminal 2), as well as low-cost carriers Hokkaido International Airlines, Skymark Airlines, Skynet Asia Airways, and StarFlyer. It is able to handle 90 million passengers per year following its expansion in 2010.
In December 2009, ForbesTraveller.com recognized Haneda Airport as the most punctual airport in the world for two years in a row, with 94.3% of its flights departing on time and 88.6% arriving on time.

visit for mor diteils : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haneda_Airport

10. London Heathrow Airport

59517-640x360-heathrow-exterior-aircraft_640 London Heathrow Airport or Heathrow is a major international airport serving London, England. Located in the London Borough of Hillingdon, in West London, Heathrow is the busiest airport in the United Kingdom and the third busiest airport in the world (as of 2012) in terms of total passenger traffic, handling more international passengers than any other airport around the globe. It is also the busiest airport in Europe by passenger traffic and the third busiest by traffic movements, with a figure surpassed only by Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport and Frankfurt Airport. Heathrow is London's main airport, having replaced RAF Northolt and the earlier and better-known Croydon Airport, and together with Gatwick, Southend, Stansted, Luton and London City, London is the busiest city airport system in the world by passenger traffic (with 133,666,888 passengers travelling through the six airports); and second only to New York City in terms of traffic movements. The airport sustains 76,600 jobs directly and around 116,000 indirectly in the immediate area,[6] and this, together with the large number of global corporations with offices close to the airport, makes Heathrow a modern aerotropolis which contributes an estimated 2.7% to London's total GVA.
The airport is owned and operated by Heathrow Airport Holdings, which also owns and operates three other UK airports, and is itself owned by FGP TopCo Limited, an international consortium, which includes Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec and GIC Special Investments, that is led by the Spanish Ferrovial Group.Heathrow is the primary hub for British Airways and the primary operating base for Virgin Atlantic.
Heathrow lies 12 nautical miles (22 km; 14 mi) west of Central London, and has two parallel east–west runways along with four operational terminals on a site that covers 12.14 square kilometres (4.69 sq mi). Terminal 5 was officially dedicated by Queen Elizabeth II on 14 March 2008 and opened to passengers on 27 March 2008. Construction of a new Terminal 2 complex to replace the old terminal building and adjacent Queen's Building began in 2009 with the first phase expected to open in 2014. Terminals 3 and 4 underwent major refurbishments between 2007 and 2009. In November 2007, a consultation process began for the building of a new third runway and a sixth terminal, which was controversially approved on 15 January 2009 by UK Government ministers. The project was subsequently cancelled on 12 May 2010 by the Cameron Government.
The airport holds a Civil Aviation Authority Public Use Aerodrome Licence (Number P527), which allows flights for public transportation of passengers or for flying instruction.

Read more: http://www.news.com.au/travel/travel-advisor/the-10-best-airports-in-the-world/story-fn6yjmoc-1226653086339#ixzz2a8GaBKbF

Wednesday, July 24, 2013

Gene that may stop spread of breast cancer identified

ibc-symptoms Scientists, including one of Indian-origin, have found that limiting the function of a gene can stop the spread of breast cancer and reduce the risk of death.

The study by Kiran Chada, professor of biochemistry and molecular biology at Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, part of Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, and his team shows that metastasis in breast cancer and the risk of death are reduced when the function of the gene HGMA2, is limited.

"Our research has shown that HGMA2 plays a part in regulating the spread of cancer and could be considered a driver of the process," said Chada, who was principal investigator of the study.

"Further studies could result in the development of therapeutic treatments for patients with breast cancer which could prevent HGMA2's function, reduce the spread of cancer and extend a patient's life," he said.

According to Chada, only a subset of cancer cells in the primary tumour is potentially metastatic and these cells are found at the edge of the tumour in a region known as the invasive front.

Chada's laboratory showed that normal cells do not express HMGA2, and the expression of this gene product converts normal cells into metastatic cells. Furthermore, the majority of cells which express HMGA2 in human breast cancer tissue were found to be at the invasive

front. In additional studies, the researchers showed mice that could not express the HMGA2 gene were found to have a

substantially reduced incidence of breast cancer.

The study was published in Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR).

sources : the Indian express 

Australian researchers find new drug to tackle malaria

images (1) Australian researchers have said that a new drug that stops the malaria parasite from using vitamin B1 to multiply is now plausible.

Pharmacologist Kevin Saliba of Australian National University along with his team have reported their findings in recent issue of Nature Communications, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation reported.

Just like humans, malaria parasites need vitamins to grow and multiply. Thiamine (vitamin B1) is converted in cells to a cofactor, which then binds a number of enzymes involved in energy production.

Saliba and colleagues worked on if it might be possible to inhibit this thiamine metabolism pathway.

"We can target the pathways by which the parasite takes up the vitamin and metabolises it. These pathways can serve as drug targets," Saliba said.

As a 'probe drug', they used an analogue of thiamine, which looks similar to the vitamin but cannot actually be used in energy production.

To provide proof of principle they looked at what happens to the pathway involving two enzymes – oxoglutarate dehydrogenase and pyruvate dehydrogenase.

In an invitro experiment, the researchers found that the parasite metabolised the analogue into a cofactor which binds to the enzymes, but they found evidence that the analogue was inhibiting one of the enzymes.

Saliba and the team also gave the thiamine analogue to mice infected with malaria and found they lost weight.

"That's consistent with the drug having some toxicity," said Saliba.

The thiamine analogue used here would interfere with energy metabolism in humans so any anti-malarial drug based on these findings would have to be designed very carefully, he added.

"The idea is that you come up with a drug that would selectively target the parasite pathway. We would have to rely on slight differences between the human and parasite thiamine metabolism pathways," said Saliba.

There are currently anti-malarial drugs that target folate metabolism,which means there is a precedent for having a drug that targets a metabolic pathway in a pathogen that also exists in humans.

A major problem with anti-malarials is the development of resistance.

"The malaria parasite has become resistant to just about all the drugs we've used against it," Saliba said.

He said it is exciting to have one drug that is metabolised in the parasite that targets multiple enzymes in energy metabolism.

"It will be more difficult for the parasites to become resistant to a drug that's binding to several enzymes," said Saliba.

According to the World Health Organisation, about 3.3 billion people - almost half of the world's population – are at risk of malaria.

source : the Indian express

Skipping breakfast increases heart attack risk

images Men who regularly skip breakfast may be at a 27 per cent higher risk of heart attack than those who take their morning meal, a large 16-year study has warned.

According to the study published in the American Heart Association journal Circulation, men who reported they skipped breakfast had a higher risk of heart attack or death from coronary heart disease.

The timing of meals, whether it's missing a meal in the morning or eating a meal very late at night, may cause adverse metabolic effects that lead to coronary heart disease.

Even after accounting for modest differences in diet, physical activity, smoking and other lifestyle factors, the association between skipping breakfast (or eating very late at night) and coronary heart disease persisted.

Researchers analysed food frequency questionnaire data and tracked health outcomes for 16 years (1992-2008) on 26,902 male health professionals ages 45-82. During the study, 1,572 of the men had first-time cardiac events.

The study found that men who reported eating late at night (eating after going to bed) had a 55 per cent higher coronary heart disease risk than those who didn't. However, researchers were less convinced this was a major public health concern because few men in the study reported this behaviour.

"Skipping breakfast may lead to one or more risk factors, including obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes, which may in turn lead to a heart attack over time," said Leah E Cahill, study lead author and Postdoctoral Research Fellow in the Department of Nutrition at Harvard School of Public Health in Boston.

"Our study group has spent decades studying the health effects of diet quality and composition, and now this new data also suggests overall dietary habits can be important to lower risk of coronary heart disease," said Eric Rimm, senior author and Associate Professor of Epidemiology and Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health and Associate Professor of Medicine at the Harvard Medical School.

Men who reported eating breakfast ate on average one more time per day than those who skipped breakfast, implying that those who abstained from breakfast were not eating additional make-up meals later in the day.

Although there was some overlap between those who skipped breakfast and those who ate late at night, 76 per cent of late-night eaters also ate breakfast, researchers said. While the current study group was composed of men who were of 97 per cent white European descent, the results should also apply to women and other ethnic groups, but this should be tested in additional studies, researchers said.

source : the Indian express

Sunday, July 14, 2013

10 All-Time Greatest Books

10. E.B. White, Charlotte's Web (1952)

images Author :  E. B. White
Illustrator : Garth Williams
Country : United States
Language : English
Genre    Children's
Publisher    Harper & Brothers
Publication date    1952
Pages    192 pp
Charlotte's Web is a children's novel by American author E. B. White and illustrated by Garth Williams; it was published in 1952 by Harper & Brothers. The novel tells the story of a pig named Wilbur and his friendship with a barn spider named Charlotte. When Wilbur is in danger of being slaughtered by the farmer, Charlotte writes messages praising Wilbur (Some Pig) in her web in order to persuade the farmer to let him live.

9. Toni Morrison, Beloved (1987)

6a00d8341c627153ef0162ffaebbab970d-800wi Beloved is a novel by the American writer Toni Morrison. Set after the American Civil War, it is inspired by the story of an African-American slave, Margaret Garner, who temporarily escaped slavery

Beloved is a novel by the American writer Toni Morrison. Set after the American Civil War(1861–1865), it is inspired by the story of an African-American slave, Margaret Garner, who temporarily escaped slavery during 1856 in Kentucky by fleeing to Ohio, a free state. A posse arrived to retrieve her and her children under the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, which gave slave owners the right to pursue slaves across state borders. Margaret killed her two-year-old daughter rather than allow her to be recaptured.





8. John Updike, The Rabbit Quartet (1960-1990)

images (1)  ''Rabbit'' Angstrom runs from marriage and responsibility and runs smack into them again in Updike's masterful chronicle of a man's four-decade race against the American zeitgeist








7. J.K. Rowling, Harry Potter: The Complete Series (1997-2007)

images (2)  Surprised to see Harry so high on our list? Well, his is the richest coming-of-age tale ever. Thanks to Rowling's luminous storytelling and dazzling imagination, people will still be tearing through it in a hundred years.





6. Willa Cather, My Ántonia (1918)

images (3)  My Ántonia, first published 1918, is considered one of the greatest novels by American writer Willa Cather. It is the final book of her "prairie trilogy" of novels, the companion volumes being O Pioneers! and The Song of the Lark.









5. Gabriel García Márquez, One Hundred Years of Solitude(1967)

tumblr_ldugiw8H3Z1qagmifo1_500  One Hundred Years of Solitude, is a novel by Colombian author Gabriel García Márquez that tells the multi-generational story of the Buendía family, whose patriarch, José Arcadio Buendía, founds the town of Macondo, the metaphoric Colombia









4. Charles Dickens, Great Expectations (1861)

images (4)  Great Expectations is Charles Dickens's thirteenth novel. It is the second novel, after David Copperfield, to be fully narrated in the first person.










3. Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice (1813)

pride-and-penzance Pride and Prejudice is a novel by Jane Austen, first published in 1813. The story follows the main character Elizabeth Bennet as she deals with issues of manners, upbringing, morality, education, and marriage in the society of the landed gentry of early 19th-century England. Elizabeth is the second of five daughters of a country gentleman living near the fictional town of Meryton in Hertfordshire, near London.
Though the story is set at the turn of the 19th century, it retains a fascination for modern readers, continuing near the top of lists of "most loved books" such as The Big Read. It has become one of the most popular novels in English literature and receives considerable attention from literary scholars. Modern interest in the book has resulted in a number of dramatic adaptations and an abundance of novels and stories imitating Austen's memorable characters or themes. To date, the book has sold some 20 million copies worldwide



2. F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby (1925)

images (6)  The Great Gatsby is a 1925 novel written by American author F. Scott Fitzgerald that follows a cast of characters living in the fictional town of West Egg on prosperous Long Island in the summer of 1922.











1. Leo Tolstoy, Anna Karenina (1878)

anna-karenina Anna Karenina is a novel by the Russian writer Leo Tolstoy, published in serial installments from 1873 to 1877 in the periodical The Russian Messenger.

Britain's royal baby billionaire even before birth

As Britain counts the hours before Prince William and Kate Middleton announce the birth of their first child, a global intelligence firm on ultra high net worth (UHNW) individuals has estimated that the royal baby could inherit as much as 1 billion pounds in royal legacy.
Wealth-X found that the unborn child of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge is already a billionaire, given the fortunes of the immediate members of the British royal family, including great grandmother Queen Elizabeth II, great grandfather Princes Philip, grandfather Charles and father William.
Queen Elizabeth II, who celebrated her diamond jubilee as Britain's monarch last year, tops the wealth stakes with a personal net worth of USD 660 million with her income in 2014 is expected to rise by 15 per cent from USD 54 million to nearly USD 58 million, after the Crown Estate reported an increase in profits in June.
However, the net worth figures do not include the possible inheritance of the crown jewels and the Royal Collection.
Prince Charles is worth around USD 370 million and William around USD 20 million, making the combined net worth of the immediate members of the royal family over USD 1 billion.
The royal baby, who will be third in line to the throne and the future King or Queen of England, is expected any time now.
Buckingham Palace has not confirmed an exact date for Kate to give birth, but speculation has centered on this weekend.
She has opted for a natural birth at the private Lingo wing of St Mary's hospital in Paddington, central London, where a police presence has increased in recent days.
Media from the world over have camped out at the hospital, which was also where Princess Diana gave birth to both princes William and Harry.
William, who took leave from official duties as an air-sea rescue helicopter captain with the Royal Air Force (RAF) based at Anglesey in North Wales, is whiling away the wait by playing polo.
The father-to-be played at a fundraising match in Hampshire for a charity run by the Duchess of Cornwall's brother and was to play again today at a club in Wiltshire, despite predictions that Sunday is the most likely day for his wife to give birth.
Buckingham Palace said the prince would play unless he had to be at his wife's side.
William's cousin, Zara Phillips, was also playing polo at a separate event on Saturday, the week after she announced that she and her husband Mike Tindal, the former England rugby captain, are expecting their first child in the New Year.
source : The Indian Express

Wednesday, July 10, 2013

Chinese institute develops 100-megapixel IOE3-Kanban camera

Reporters on the 9th learned from the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Optoelectronic Technology researchers hospital lasted two years, successfully developed up to 100 million pixel camera IOE3-Kanban. The camera uses international professional company area array CCD chip, integrated developed a camera that can actually work the whole, is currently the highest in China monolithic CCD pixel digital CCD camera.

New developed the 100 million pixel camera IOE3-Kanban small size, light weight, body only 19.3 cm at its widest point, the imaging frame reaches 10240 × 10240 pixels, at -20 ℃ to 55 ℃ temperature range can achieve high-resolution imaging, and has a high sensitivity, high dynamic range, and can be used in aerial mapping, urban planning, disaster monitoring, intelligent transportation systems require more than ten kinds of high-definition imaging field.
According to reports, the Chinese Academy of optoelectronic camera configuration developed by a large field, high-precision, low distortion optics and advanced camera control system and large capacity data recording system that integrates a "national aviation remote sensing system" on the basis of remote sensor of the "big matrix CCD mapping camera system, "recently completed research also carried out after the flight test, successfully obtained high-quality digital images.
Back in the "fifth" period, the Chinese Academy of Opto-Electronics has successfully developed a 81 million pixel area array CCD camera system, reached the international advanced level. Experts said the completion of 100 million pixel camera developed, marking the Chinese Academy of Sciences Photonics Large Area Development of high-resolution CCD digital camera technology is more mature.
A Chinese institute claimed to have successfully developed a 100-megapixel camera which could produce high-resolution imaging in the fields of aerial mapping, disaster monitoring and intelligent transportation systems.
The IOE3-Kanban camera was developed by the Institute of Optics and Electronics under the Chinese Academy of Sciences making it China's highest pixel camera, CAS said in a statement.
The camera is capable of producing images with 10,240 x 10,240 pixels, the statement said. Moreover, it is small and light, with its widest part measuring only 19.3 cm, state-run Xinhua quoted the statement as saying, adding that it can be used at temperatures ranging from minus 20 degrees centigrade to 55 degrees centigrade.
Its high sensitivity and high dynamic range (HDR) features mean it will be useful in high-resolution imaging in the fields of aerial mapping, city planning, disaster monitoring and intelligent transportation systems, the statement said.
Intelligent transportation system is aimed to provide innovative services relating to different modes of transport and traffic management, enabling various users to be better informed and make safer, more coordinated, and 'smarter' use of transport networks.
The camera is equipped with advanced optical systems, camera control systems and high-capacity data recording systems, and it has proven successful in a recent trial use as a part of a national aerial remote-sensing system, it said.
The institute also developed an 81-megapixel camera during the 10th Five Year Plan period (2001-2005), and the latest achievement took the researchers two years to develop.
A megapixel is one million pixels, and is a term used not only for the number of pixels in an image, but also to express the number of image sensor elements of digital cameras or the number of display elements of digital displays.
source : the Indian express

Tuesday, July 9, 2013

Twitter can't beat news agencies: study

download (1) images (2)

News agencies continue to have an edge over Twitter in being the first to provide people with the news, UK scientists have found.

Research into reporting of news events by Twitter and newswire services has found that while Twitter can sometimes break news before news-wires, for major events there is little evidence that it can replace traditional news outlets.

Scientists at the Universities of Edinburgh and Glasgow developed a software algorithm to track Twitter activity.

They used it to study 51 million tweets over 11 weeks in summer of 2011 and compared these with output from news outlets for the same period.

Media houses tracked for the study included the BBC, CNN and the New York Times, which seek to set the news agenda and break news stories ahead of one another.

Scientists were able to examine Twitter messages relating to major news items. They also identified a large amount of minor news items that had featured on Twitter but had been ignored by the mainstream media, researchers said.

However, neither Twitter nor news-wires was regularly faster than the other in breaking high-profile news, researchers said.

When Twitter outperformed news-wires for speed, it was for mainly for sport and disaster-related events, their findings show.

Twitter's main benefits for news are bringing additional coverage of events, and for sharing news items of interest to niche audiences or with a short lifespan, such as local sports results, the study found.

source : the Indian express

Bugs may be last surviving life on Earth

download Thermophilic or heat-loving bacteria may be amongst the last life on Earth: study

Bugs may be among the last survivors of the end of the world, researchers say. Thermophilic or heat-loving bacteria may be amongst the last life on Earth, perhaps surviving 2.8 billion years into the future, according to a new study.

In two billion years' time, life on Earth will be confined to pockets of liquid water deep underground, according to Astros biologist Jack O'Malley James of the University of St Andrews.

The new research also suggests that though the hardiest forms of life may have a foothold on similar worlds in orbit around other stars, evidence for it may be very subtle. Ultimately, a combination of slow and rapid environmental changes will result in the extinction of all species on Earth, with the last inhabitants disappearing within 2.8 billion years from now.

The main driver for these changes will be the Sun. As it ages over the next few billion years, the Sun will remain stable but become steadily more luminous, increasing the intensity of its heat felt on Earth and warming the planet to such an extent that the oceans evaporate.

O'Malley James has created a computer model to simulate these extremely long-range temperature forecasts and has used the results to predict the time-line of future extinctions. Within the next billion years, increased evaporation rates and chemical reactions with rainwater will draw more and more carbon dioxide from the Earth's atmosphere. The falling levels of CO2 will lead to the disappearance of plants and animals and our home planet will become a world of microbes.

At the same time the Earth will be depleted of oxygen and will be drying out as the rising temperatures lead to the evaporation of the oceans. A billion years after that the oceans will have gone completely.

"The far-future Earth will be very hostile to life by this point. All living things require liquid water, so any remaining life will be restricted to pockets of liquid water, perhaps at cooler, higher altitudes or in caves or underground," said O'Malley-James. This life will need to cope with many extremes like high temperatures and intense ultraviolet radiation and only a few microbial species known on Earth today could cope with this. The new model not only tells us a lot about our own planet's future, but it can also help us to recognize other inhabited planets that may be approaching the end of their habitable lifetimes.

"We have now simulated a dying biosphere composed of populations of the species that are most likely to survive to determine what types of gases they would release to the atmosphere. By the point at which all life disappears from the planet, we're left with a nitrogen:carbon-dioxide atmosphere with methane being the only sign of active life," said O'Malley-James.

source : the Indian express 

Brain's 'switch' for long-term memory identified

images Scientists have identified calcium in the cell nucleus to be a cellular "switch" responsible for the formation of long-term memory.

Neurobiologists at Heidelberg University in Germany used the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster as a model to investigate how the brain learns.

The team led by Professor Dr Christophe Schuster and Professor Dr Hilmar Bading wanted to know which signals in the brain were responsible for building long-term memory and for forming the special proteins involved.

The team from the Interdisciplinary Center for Neurosciences (IZN) measured nuclear calcium levels with a fluorescent protein in the association and learning centres of the insect's brain to investigate any changes that might occur during the learning process.

Their work on the fruit fly revealed brief surges in calcium levels in the cell nuclei of certain neurons during learning. It was this calcium signal that researchers identified as the trigger of a genetic programmed that controls the production of "memory proteins." If this nuclear calcium switch is blocked, the flies are unable to form long-term memory.

Schuster explained that insects and mammals separated evolutionary paths approximately 600 million years ago. In spite of this sizable gap, certain vitally important processes such as memory formation use similar cellular mechanisms in humans, mice and flies, as the researchers' experiments were able to prove.

"These commonalities indicate that the formation of long-term memory is an ancient phenomenon already present in the shared ancestors of insects and vertebrates. Both species probably use similar cellular mechanisms for forming long-term memory, including the nuclear calcium switch," Schuster said.

The researchers assume that similar switches based on nuclear calcium signals may have applications in other areas presumably whenever organisms need to adapt to new conditions over the long term. "Pain memory, for example, or certain protective and survival functions of neurons use this nuclear calcium switch, too," said Bading.

"This cellular switch may no longer work as well in the elderly, which Bading believes may explain the decline in memory typically observed in old age. "Thus, the discoveries by the Heidelberg neurobiologists open up new perspectives for the treatment of age- and illness-related changes in brain functions," Bading said. The study was published in the journal Science Signaling.


Monday, July 8, 2013

10 Lessons From Benjamin Franklin’s Life To Help You Succeed

vintage_image_of_benjamin_franklin_suitable_for_framing_art_a9580ddb Benjamin Franklin was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. A noted polymath, Franklin was a leading author, printer, political theorist, politician, postmaster, scientist, musician, inventor.These are 10 golden sentences of their success.
1. Personal Set of Virtues
The joy of success is rendered hollow if the road to it is paved by vicious acts. In the long run, it always helps to have a personal code of conduct and live by them in the strictest way possible. Franklin had his own list of 13 virtues that he tried to emulate in his daily actions and used to keep track of how well he had been doing so. Not only does it make you a better man, but your work or business is also thrown into a good light.
2. Well-maintained Daily Routine
We all know how Benjamin Franklin was skilled in different arts, professions and fields. His achievements in each of them do not arise from a disorderly life. Every hour of his day was carefully planned so as to make the optimum use of time without leaving time for unproductive frivolity. And this is a lesson that every person can do with.
3. Honing People Skills
Franklin was a man with a charming tongue and great diplomatic skills – and these are what make for smooth conversations and transactions. If you read his autobiography, you will come across various occasions when this skill helped him out. In fact, it can even help you turn your enemies around and make them your friends instead – according to Franklin.
4. Say Less, Do More
One of Benjamin Franklin’s oft-quoted mantra is “Well done is better than well said”. And that applies to every trade, not just politics. There has been many spins on this motto – like “A little less conversation, a little more action please”. All goes down to say that even though you need a silver tongue, it is better to invest your energy in working than flapping your gums about working.
5. Never Procrastinate
Another highly quoted Ben Franklin quote is “Never leave that till tomorrow which you can do today”. Undoubtedly, one of the best mottos to apply to your work-life is this.Work has a way of piling up and overwhelming you – and if he had given in to procrastination, he would probably not have achieved all that he did.
6. Pros and Cons List
If you have never made a pros and cons list to make an important decision, you should start. Whether it is expanding your business, promoting a certain employee or even taking a mortgage – making such a list helps you arrive at a solution faster. And who should be the one to have first brought this into effect but Franklin himself?
7. Importance of Perseverance
Entrepreneurial success is more than just luck – it is pure hard work, tenacity and never giving up in face of obstacles. And when Benjamin Franklin said, “Diligence is the mother of good luck”, this is what he meant. An unwavering decision to stick by his work and values led him to become one of the founding fathers of USA – and it can work wonders for everyone.
8. Seizing Opportunities
Benjamin Franklin became a pioneer in demographic studies at a time when it was still new. He was anyway making his personal notes on the population growth in the 1740s – and he took the opportunity of a study in the matter. Centuries later, we still remember him for his discoveries. Being an opportunist and making the most of your chances will help you grow professionally by leaps and bounds.
9. Learning From Mistakes
Another huge lesson that can be learnt from the American scientist’s life is not to get disheartened about failure before even trying and to make mistakes without apprehension. Only by trying something new with the risk of failure can you also find the path to success. Franklin did that with a number of his scientific discoveries – and this applies to every entrepreneur as well.
10. Welcoming Change
The last but not the least relevant lesson to learn from Franklin’s life is acceptance of change. Franklin brought about a colonial unity at a time when individual colonies functioned independently – and this was an important move that went to establish the geopolitical superpower that is USA now. To stick to the old is to regress – adapt yourself to the changing times to steer yourself towards success.

Wednesday, July 3, 2013

most popular food in the world

1. Chicken
Chicken is the most common type of poultry in the world and is prepared as food in a wide variety of ways, varying by region and culture.

2. Pizza
Pizza is an oven-baked, flat, round bread typically topped with a tomato sauce, cheese and various toppings. Pizza was originally invented in Naples, Italy, and the dish has since become popular in many parts of the world

3. Rice
images (4)
Rice is the seed of the monocot plants Oryza sativa or Oryza glaberrima. As a cereal grain, it is the most widely consumed staple food for a large part of the world's human population, especially in Asia and the West Indies

4. Bread
images (3)
Bread is a staple food prepared by baking a dough of flour and water. It is popular around the world and is one of the world's oldest foods

5. Pasta
images (2)
Pasta is a type of noodle and is a staple food of traditional Italian cuisine, with the first reference dating to 1154 in Sicily. It is also commonly used to refer to the variety of pasta dishes

6. Meat
images (1)
Meat is animal flesh that is eaten as food. Humans are omnivorous, Today's world, most people consume meat. And meat has become his favorite food.

7. Fish and Sea Food
Seafood is any form of sea life regarded as food by humans. Seafood prominently includes fish and shellfish. Shellfish include various species of molluscs, crustaceans, and echinoderms. Historically, sea mammals such as whales and dolphins have been consumed as food, though that happens to a lesser extent these days. Edible sea plants, such as some seaweeds and microalgae, are widely eaten as seafood around the world, especially in Asia (see the category of sea vegetables). In North America, although not generally in the United Kingdom, the term "seafood" is extended to fresh water organisms eaten by humans, so all edible aquatic life may be referred to as seafood. For the sake of completeness, this article includes all edible aquatic life

8. Vegetable
In culinary terms, a vegetable is an edible plant or its part, intended for cooking or eating raw. In biological terms, "vegetable" designates members of the plant kingdom

9. Italian Food
Italian cuisine has developed through centuries of social and political changes, with roots as far back as the 4th century BCE. Italian cuisine in itself takes heavy influences, including Etruscan, ancient Greek, ancient Roman, Byzantine, and Jewish. Significant changes occurred with the discovery of the New World with the introduction of items such as potatoes, tomatoes, bell peppers and maize, now central to the cuisine but not introduced in quantity until the 18th century. Italian cuisine is noted for its regional diversity, abundance of difference in taste, and is known to be one of the most popular in the world, with influences abroad.
10. Chinese Food
Chinese noodles come dry or fresh in a variety of sizes, shapes and textures and are often served in soups or fried as toppings. Some varieties, such as Shou Mian  literally noodles of longevity), are symbolic of long life and good health according to Chinese tradition. Noodles can be served hot or cold with different toppings, with broth, and occasionally dry Noodles are commonly made with rice flour or wheat flour, but other flours such as soybean are also used.

Tuesday, July 2, 2013

India launches first ever dedicated navigation satellite, joins elite club

In a landmark late night journey into a new era of space application, India today successfully launched its first dedicated navigation satellite using the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle which blasted off from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre here.
Precisely at 11.41 pm, India's workhorse PSLV C22 lifted off in a perfect text book launch, carrying IRNSS-1A satellite, painting a dense golden flame in the dark canvas of the sky.
About 20 minutes after its launch, the rocket placed into the IRNSS-1A into its orbit.
An elated ISRO chairman K Radhakrishnan said the IRNSS-1A satellite was precisely injected into its intended orbit.
"This only proves that PSLV is an extremely reliable vehicle and with this flight, we are also entering into a new era of space application in the country that is the beginning of satellite navigation programme."
The data from the satellite would help the country in a range of fields including disaster management, vehicle tracking, fleet management and marine navigation.
Developed by India, the IRNSS-1A, the first of the 7 satellites constituting the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) space segment, has a mission life of 10 years.
It is designed to provide accurate position information service to users in the country as well as the region extending up to 1,500 km from its boundary,which is its
primary service area. IRNSS will be on lines with Russia's Global Orbiting Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS), United States' Global Positioning System (GPS), European Union's Galileo (GNSS), China's BeiDou satellite navigation system and the Quasi-Zenith Satellite System.
"I am extremely happy to announce that we had another excellent flight of our PSLV vehicle. This is the 23rd successive successful flight of PSLV and the fourth successful flight of extended version of PSLV," Radhakrishnan said.
The navigational system would provide two types of services --Standard Positioning Service, which is provided to all the users and Restricted Service, which is an encrypted service provided only to the authorised users.

ISRO looking for more participation of private players in Joint Ventures

With its workhorse PSLV creating a niche for itself in the space industry across the globe, ISRO is looking for the more participation of private players in joint ventures, a top official said today. "
Over 400 industrial firms are already working with us. PSLV has created a niche for itself in the industry, which can carry over 1.5 tonnes. We have 12 missions in a year. We are looking for partnership from more private players," ISRO Chairman K Radhakrishnan told reporters here.
After India's first dedicated navigation satellite, IRNSS-1A-- was successfully launched on board the PSLV-C22 today, Radhakrishnan said, "This only proves that PSLV is an extremely reliable vehicle and with this flight, we are also entering into a new era of space application in the country that is the beginning of satellite navigation programme."
"I am extremely happy to announce that we had another excellent flight of our PSLV vehicle. This is the 23rd successive successful flight of PSLV and the fourth successful flight of extended version of PSLV," he said.
sours : the inidan express Updated: Tue, 2 Jul 2013

Monday, July 1, 2013

Facebook should allow a 'break up' feature: experts


Social networking sites like Facebook should offer a feature which makes it easier to delete a couple's joint content following a break up, researchers say.

Experts believe this could enable people to deal with the break up more effectively.

Social networking sites should enable couples who split up to erase the evidence of their relationship more easily, researchers say.

They suggest automatic software to gather all the digital evidence of the relationship following a break up.

Dr Corina Sas from Lancaster University and Professor Steve Whittaker of the University of California at Santa Cruz interviewed 24 young people about how they handled the evidence of their broken relationship in the on-line world.

These "digital possessions" include everything from texts, emails, music, video, social media and photos whether kept on mobile devices, a laptop or digital picture frame.

"It's particularly hard to remove the traces of a past relationship left on social networking systems and it can be painful to revisit this accidentally," Sas said.

"The greatest problems involved content on Facebook where couples could easily be reminded of their ex unless they deliberately unfriended them. Even then, there could be content about your ex on your friends' pages which you can't delete," Sas said.

Researchers said it can be very time consuming when digital content is spread across different devices like laptops or tablets and this would make the task much simpler.

It could also enable people to deal with the break up more effectively, they said.

The research "Design for forgetting; disposing of digital possessions after a breakup" found that people adopted three strategies for dealing with digital content, either deleting or saving everything, or selectively deleting after a while.

"The best approach is not to act on impulse but instead try to wait. Then you can select which memories you want to keep and which you are confident you will not regret deleting," said Sas.

source : The Indian EXPRESS Updated: Mon, 1 Jul 2013

Most Interesting Websites of 2013

Most Interesting Websites of 2013


  1. Climbur – Get big ideas delivered to your inbox every Monday!
  2. Visual News - The cure for eyeball boredom.
  3. moddea – Visual catalog of everyday modern objects.
  4. Very Short List – Cultural gems from a different curator every day.
  5. SoulPancake - Art, culture, science, philosophy, spirituality and humor.


  1. BuzzFeed - High quality original reporting, insight and viral content.
  2. UPROXX – The culture of what’s buzzing.
  3. PocketHits - The most popular stories, videos, images, recipes and more from Pocket.
  4. What’s Trending - See it first.
  5. Viral Viral Videos - Videos going viral right now.


  1. www.OpenCulture.com – The best free cultural and educational media on the web.
  2. Trendland - Your daily dose of fashion, trends, art, design and photography.
  3. Slacktory - A comedic blog about the pop culture of the internet.
  4. Flavorwire - Culture curation. Highbrow, lowbrow and everything in between.
  5. Internet for Beginners – About.com’s guide to participating in online culture.


  1. Quartz - Digitally native news outlet. Bracingly creative journalism.
  2. The Daily Beast - Read this skip that.
  3. Matter - Commissions, crafts and publishes unmissable journalism about science, tech and ideas.
  4. PostDesk - Indepth news, analysis, discussion and debate.
  5. WhoWhatWhy – Groundbreaking investigating journalism.


  1. NOTCOT – A visual filtration of ideas + aesthetics + amusements.
  2. The Exaltation - A collective of creatives sharing inspirational projects.
  3. The Khooll - A digital design and lifestyle magazine.
  4. dsgnWrld - Propagate design.
  5. designboom - A large independent publication dedicated to design and architecture.


  1. Twaggies – Funny tweets illustrated.
  2. Team COCO – Conan O’Brien presents…
  3. White Whine – A collection of first-world problems.
  4. Improv Everywhere – They cause scenes (funny videos).
  5. PassiveAggressiveNotes.com - Pictures of funny passive aggressive notes people have left.


  1. Valet - Men’s style, grooming, living, shopping and how-to guides.
  2. Por Homme - Men’s lifestyle, fashion, footwear and culture.
  3. Bless This Stuff - Web magazine for guys. Categories include: wear, living, culture, sports, vehicles and more.
  4. The Art of Manliness - Men’s interests and lifestyle.
  5. Dappered - Affordable men’s style.


  1. Goop – Limited edition collaborations, recipes, travel notes, shopping ideas curated by Gwyneth Paltrow.
  2. The Hairpin - Ladies first.
  3. HelloGiggles - Entertainment for creative women.
  4. The Everygirl – The lifemap for everygirls everywhere.
  5. Pick the Brain - Motivation and self-improvement.


  1. In Focus – News photography from The Atlantic.
  2. Amazing Things In The World - Photos of, you guessed it, amazing things in the world (Facebook).
  3. NPR Picture Show – Photo stories from NPR.
  4. Feature Shoot – Travel, fashion, documentary, editorial and portrait photography.
  5. White House Photos – Photos from the White House.


  1. Freddie Wong – Action shorts from Freddie Wong.
  2. Vsauce – Amazing facts and the best of the Internet.
  3. All Time 10s – The funniest, most relevant and informative top 10 list videos you’ll ever watch.
  4. Household Hacker – Mods, life hacks, science, cheats, pranks and gaming.
  5. WatchMojo – Profiles, videos, top 10s.


  1. SoundCloud – Hear the world’s sounds.
  2. Studio 360 – What’s happening in pop culture and the arts.
  3. Blank on Blank – They find lost interviews, you listen.
  4. Fresh Air – Contemporary arts and issues (from NPR).
  5. Radiolab – A show about curiosity.


  1. Longform - Recommends new and classic nonfiction from around the web.
  2. Byliner Spotlights - Read more from your favorite authors.
  3. Longreads - The best long-form stories on the web.
  4. The Feature - A hand-picked selection of the finest articles and essays saved with Instapaper.
  5. The Paris Review – Introducing you to the important writers of the day.


  1. Skillcrush - Learn about technology and how to put it to work for you.
  2. Singularity Hub – The future is here today.
  3. Gizmag - New and emerging technology news (lots of cool hardware).
  4. Internet Today - The best internet and tech news from LinkedIn.
  5. ExtremeTech - The only tech site I’ve ever seen with a category labeled “Extreme.”


  1. TED - Ideas worth spreading.
  2. Co.Exist - World-changing ideas and innovation.
  3. Talks at Google - Speakers of all stripes giving talks at Google.
  4. Conference Bites - Big ideas for short attention spans. The best quotes from the latest events.
  5. Aspen Ideas - Multimedia from around the Aspen Ideas Institute.


  1. Geekosystem – Your guide to tech and internet culture.
  2. Geek & Sundry – Eccentricities for your entertainment.
  3. So Geek Chic – All things geek and/or chic.
  4. Geekologie - Gadgets, gizmos and awesome.
  5. DudeIWantThat.com - A gift guide of gadgets, gear and novelties.


  1. GOOD – A global community of people who care.
  2. Stanford Social Innovation Review – Informing and inspiring leaders of social change.
  3. Charity Navigator – America’s largest charity evaluator.
  4. Dutiee – Stories that matter.
  5. Socialbrite – Social solutions for nonprofits (blog).


  1. TreeHugger – Dedicated to driving sustainability mainstream.
  2. Grist – Environmental news, commentary and advice.
  3. GoodGuide – Green, healthy and safe product information and reviews.
  4. Environmental Graffiti – An eclectic mix of bizarre, funny and interesting environmental news.
  5. Food & Water Watch – Works to ensure the food, water and fish we consume is safe and accessible.


  1. POLITICO – Driving the conversation.
  2. BagNews – Reading the pictures; visual politics and the analysis of news images.
  3. Think Progress – Hard-hitting political news.
  4. GovTrack.us – Easily track the activities of the United States Congress.
  5. OpenSecrets.org – See who’s getting and who’s giving.


  1. Mental Floss - Random, interesting amazing facts plus fun quizzes and trivia.
  2. Hypebeast - Fashion, arts, design, culture.
  3. Brain Pickings - Human-powered discovery engine for interestingness.
  4. DROOL’D - Stuff to drool over from gadgets to places.
  5. Bored Panda – The only magazine for pandas.
  6. ThreadBanger – For people who make their own style.
  7. Unhistorical – Day by day reflections on history and culture.
  8. Daily Grommet – Discover unique products with innovative design that make unique gifts.
  9. I’m Remembering - Pop culture and nostalgery from the 80s and early 90s.
  10. Richard Wiseman - Quirky mind stuff including videos, illusions, trivia and more.

source :http://dailytekk.com